8 Potential Effects Of Climate Change and Possible Solutions We CAN All Start Implementing Now.

written by Angie Olivo

“I don’t want to PROTECT the Environment. I want to CREATE A WORLD where the environment doesn’t need protecting”.- Unknown

According to NASA Climate Organization: Global climate change has already been showing its effects on the environment for some time now. We all have experienced or have witnessed the real effects of climate change; glaciers have shrunk, the wild fires in California more frequent, the drastic shifts in temperatures, rivers and lakes melting earlier, plant and animal life has shifted and trees are flowering sooner. As well as, loss of sea ice, accelerated rising sea levels, and longer and more intense heat waves.

Scientists have high confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, largely due to greenhouse gases produced by human activity. The Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change (IPCC), which includes more than 1,300 scientists from the US and other countries, are predicting a rise intemperatures of 2.5 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit over the next century.


The effects of climate change will vary over time in individual regions and will impact the ability of different societal and environmental systems to mitigate or adapt to change. These are the predictions that were taught while I was in grad school and are still very prominent since I graduated four years ago.

Today March 15th of 2019, our future generations have come out of their classrooms and are on #climatestrike. Let’s support them and keep showing the world that our ways and the big corporations NEED TO CHANGE. Sustainability should be a priority for ALL HUMANS in order to save our planet and resources for future generations.

Several thousand people marched in the climate march at COP24 in Katowice, Poland.
Picture credit: Greenpeace
Toronto Youth Climate School Strike

For more info:

Greta Thunberg School Climate Strike -The Guardian

Inspiring Climate Strike

Greenpeace- Climate

Greenpeace Canada -Climate

Below are topics and future predictions that have not been advertised or commercialized properly. I have gathered my own research and read others to create this post.

Please read and pass it on to others. The more informed and aware we are of our environment and our home planet, the better choices we can make. For example, to consume less of a certain product (ie: plastic packaging); try to find alternatives to lower our ecological footprint, by minimizing our old daily behaviours.

1.Change will continue through this century and beyond.

Global climate is projected to continue to change over this century and beyond. The magnitude of climate change beyond the next few decades depends primarily on the amount of heat-trapping gases emitted globally, and how sensitive the Earth’s climate is to those emissions.

Earth’s vital signs:

Sea Level Rise

GISS climate Models-National Climate Assessment  

This series of visualizations shows how some of Earth’s key climate indicators are changing over time.

Climate Time Machine

Trends Pattern:

Climate change will shift the oceans’ colors

Striking photos reveal plastic and plankton side-by-side

Climate change is depleting our essential fisheries

Coal’s other dark side: Toxic ash that can poison water and people

Trends like these and others mentioned below are largely due to the rapidly increasing amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Greenhouse gases are the gases in the atmosphere that make Earth habitable such as carbon dioxide. Without them, our planet would be about 60 degrees Fahrenheit cooler (about 15.56 degrees Celsius).

On the contrary with too many of those gases in our atmosphere, the Earth’s temperature can increase to the point where life will no longer be able to survive on the planet. According to National Geographic, 75% of people could face deadly heat waves by 2100 unless carbon emissions plummet. In addition, the temperature increase will result in increased sea levels with a projected 1 to 4 feet rise in sea level predicted by the year 2100.

2.Temperatures will continue to rise

Because human-induced warming is superimposed on a naturally varying climate, the temperature rise has not been, and will not be, uniform or smooth across the country or over time.

The topics of global warming and global climate change tend to be used interchangeably but they explain different things. Explained well by Caitlyn Kennedy and Rebecca Lindsey of Climate.gov

“Global warming refers only to the Earth’s rising surface temperature, while climate change includes warming and the side effects of warming – like melting glaciers, heavier rain storms, or more frequent drought.”

3.Frost-free season(and growing season) will lengthen


Photo by elizabeth lies

The length of the frost-free season (and the corresponding growing season) is a major determinant of the types of plants and crops that do well in a particular regions from different locations on Earth.

Accordingly to Mother Earths news: A longer growing season may sound like a win for everyone, but in fact changes in the season’s length can have both positive and negative effects.

Moderate warming can benefit crop and pasture yields in mid- to high-latitude regions, yet even slight warming can decrease yields in seasonally dry and low-latitude regions. A longer growing season can allow gardeners and farmers to diversify crops or have multiple harvests from the same plot, but it can also limit the types of crops that can grow, encourage invasive species or weed growth, and strain water supplies. A longer growing season may also disrupt the function and structure of a region’s ecosystems — for example, altering the range and types of animal species in the area.

4.Changes in prediction patterns


Photo by Ross Findon

Projections of future climate over the U.S. suggests that the recent trend towards increased heavy precipitation events will continue. This trend is projected to occur even in regions where total precipitation is expected to decrease, such as the Southwest.

NASA visualization of future predictions scenarios

Deadly earthquake traveled at ‘supersonic’ speeds—why that matters


5.More droughts and heat waves

Megadroughts in U.S. West Projected to be Worst of the Millennium

Drought turns part of Iran into a new dust bowl

Why California’s wildfires are so hard to fight

Droughts in the Southwest and heat waves (periods of abnormally hot weather lasting days to weeks) everywhere are projected to become more intense, and cold waves less intense.

Summer temperatures are projected to continue rising, and a reduction of soil moisture, which exacerbates heat waves, is projected for much of the western and central U.S. in summer. By the end of this century, what has been once-in-20-year extreme heat days (one-day events) are projected to occur every two or three years over most of the nation.

6.Hurricanes will become stronger and more intense

Environment Canada: 6 tornadoes hit Ottawa area last Friday


A Canadian flag flies in front of homes destroyed by a tornado in Ottawa’s Dunrobin neighbourhood on Sept. 22, 2018. The storm tore roofs off of homes, overturned cars and felled power lines in both Ottawa and Gatineau. (Justin Tang/Canadian Press)

When this happened, I started to look deeper into this and ask why? Honestly, it was close to home too and I wished that it wasn’t true… In one of my classes about climate, we were taught that when unusual patterns occurred in areas where very likely would have tornado or any other climate signs. These are the indication that climate change in those regions, will either continue to rise or get worse.

The intensity, frequency and duration of North Atlantic hurricanes, as well as the frequency of the strongest (Category 4 and 5) hurricanes, have all increased since the early 1980s. The relative contributions of human and natural causes to these increases are still uncertain. Hurricane-associated storm intensity and rainfall rates are projected to increase as the climate continues to warm.

2018’s deadly hurricane season, visualized

7.Sea levels will rise 1-4 feet by 2100

By Jeremy Bishop

Global sea level has risen by about 8 inches since reliable record keeping began in 1880. It is projected to rise another 1 to 4 feet by 2100. This is the result of added water from melting land ice and the expansion of seawater as it warms.

Why Indonesia’s ‘volcano tsunami’ gave little to no warning

Dramatic Video Shows Deadly Tsunami Hitting Greenland

In the next several decades, storm surges and high tides could combine with rising sea levels and land subsidence to further increase flooding in many regions. Rising sea levels will continue past 2100 because the oceans take a very long time to respond to warmer conditions at the Earth’s surface. Ocean waters will therefore continue to warm and sea levels will continue to rise for many centuries at rates equal to or higher than those of the current century.

8.Arctic likely to become Ice-free


Photo by Matt Artz

The Arctic Ocean is expected to become essentially ice free in summer before mid-century. Well…

Earth Vital signs:

Sea Ice

In other words, humans are largely responsible for creating the trends of global warming and global climate change; therefore, we need to take responsibility for the damage we have caused to the planet and look for opportunities to prevent further damage.

Solutions

Helpful articles:

To keep the planet flourishing, 30% of Earth needs protection by 2030

Plastic bans spread in India. Winners and losers aren’t who you’d expect.

A running list of action on plastic pollution

Cities of the Future

There are so many sustainable techniques and practices that are now available for you that can have a lasting and positive impact on the environment.

For instance, there are many technologies you can use which creates less pollution such as hybrid, Biodiesel, and fuel-cell cars.


Photo by Zbynek Burival

In addition, solar panels can be used to power homes and offices with no harmful pollution. These examples are just a few of the many ways we can all be contributing to reducing carbon emissions globally. So, the question is: what can you be doing to reduce your impact on the environment?

If you liked this post, please go ahead and like and leave us a comment. If you are a warrior for our planet and are committed like us, go ahead share! Let’s make our world a better place for our future survival on this planet.

References

IPCC 2007, Summary for Policymakers, in Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, p. 17.
IPCC, 2013: Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
USGCRP 2014, Third Climate Assessment.
USGCRP 2017, Fourth Climate Assessment.

Reference: Nasa Climate, National Geographic, Greenpeace, Climate Org.


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Angie Olivo